INCREASING FOOD SECURITY AMONGNST RURAL WOMEN.

Climate change poses a serious threat to people worldwide and impacts their livelihood to varying degrees. Studies reveal that the most vulnerable people belong to developing countries and more precisely rural communities and small farmers. The changing climate is adversely affecting the productivity and livelihoods of Cameroonian smallholder rural farmers. Agricultural productivity in Cameroon has recently experienced declines.

Smallholder rural farmers dominate the farming system in Cameroon, accounting for about 80 to 90 percent of producers. However, productivity is hampered by insufficient capacity to acquire necessary farm inputs such as enhanced or improved crop varieties, fertilizers, irrigation, and other production inputs. Also, agricultural productivity declines have been linked to climatic and weather variability or change, hence facing problems with food productivity arising from dependence on rain-fed farming worsened by low inputs. Farmers should therefore adopt climate-resilient adaptation measures to cope with or reduce climate vulnerability. This makes the country highly susceptible to even a slight change in weather patterns, making the people severely vulnerable to climate change.

To address the issue of food insecurity, it is important that climate-smart farming techniques are promoted and adopted. This would help in making agriculture, resilient to climate change and also ensure food security and cope with, or reduce climate vulnerability. This is what I.A.A is doing to increase food security and improve nutrition amongst rural women in Cameroon.

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